Download e-book for iPad: A Mission to Civilize: The Republican Idea of Empire in by Alice Conklin

By Alice Conklin

ISBN-10: 0804729999

ISBN-13: 9780804729994

ISBN-10: 0804740127

ISBN-13: 9780804740128

This ebook addresses a valuable yet usually missed query within the background of recent France and smooth colonialism: How did the 3rd Republic, extremely popular for its professed democratic values, permit itself to be seduced by way of the insidious and protracted attraction of a “civilizing” ideology with special racist overtones? via targeting a specific crew of colonial officers in a particular setting―the governors normal of French West Africa from 1895 to 1930―the writer argues that the proper of a different civilizing project had a decisive impression on colonial policymaking and at the evolution of recent French republicanism generally.
French principles of civilization―simultaneously republican, racist, and modern―encouraged the governors basic within the 1890’s to assault such “feudal” African associations as aristocratic rule and slavery in ways in which referred again to France’s personal event of innovative switch. paradoxically, neighborhood directors within the 1920’s additionally invoked those related principles to justify such reactionary rules because the reintroduction of pressured hard work, arguing that coercion, which inculcated a piece ethic within the “lazy” African, legitimized his lack of freedom. by way of consistently invoking the information of “civilization,” colonial coverage makers in Dakar and Paris controlled to imprecise the basic contradictions among “the rights of guy” assured in a republican democracy and the forcible acquisition of an empire that violates these rights.
In probing the “republican” size of French colonization in West Africa, this ebook additionally sheds new mild at the evolution of the 3rd Republic among 1895 and 1930. one of many author’s vital arguments is that the belief of a civilized venture underwent dramatic adjustments, as a result of ideological, political, and fiscal modifications taking place concurrently in France and its colonies. for instance, revolts in West Africa in addition to a extra conservative weather within the metropole after global struggle I produced within the governors basic a brand new recognize for “feudal” chiefs, whom the French as soon as despised yet now reinstated as a way of keep watch over. This discovery of an African “tradition” in flip strengthened a reassertion of conventional values in France because the 3rd Republic struggled to recapture the realm it had “lost” at Verdun.

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A Mission to Civilize: The Republican Idea of Empire in France and West Africa, 1895-1930 by Alice Conklin

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